Frankfurt am Main is the largest city in the German region of Hessen and the fifth-largest city in Germany. The city has a rich history since the Roman times but it was heavily damaged in World War II. The old town of Frankfurt, the biggest old Gothic town of Central Europe, was destroyed by six bombardments of the Allied Forces.
Photo by Nigel’s Europe
Most of the city was rebuilt but the city had lost many historical sights. It has been developed into a city according to the 20th century architecture. Frankfurt is world famous as the financial district of Germany. Despite its recent history, there is still a nice old city center which invites travellers to visit.
Bartholomew’s Cathedral (Dom Sankt Bartholomäus)
This gothic cathedral has been an important church since its construction in the 14th century. From 1356 kings of the Holy Roman Empire were elected and from 1562 to 1792 emperors were crowned here. The cathedral played also a significant role in the 19th century as symbol of the national unity of Germany. During the World War II the Cathedral has been damaged during bombarments and the interior burned out. The reconstructions started in the 1950s.
The name of the medieval house means „Romans“. These nine houses in the old town were bought in 1405 from a wealthy family. All the buildings have been connected and became the city hall of Frankfurt. In the Emperor’s Hall (Kaisersall) the newly crowned emperors held their banquets. For more information about the Römer are to find here: www.altfrankfurt.com/roemer.
Goethe-House and Goethe Museum (Goethehaus und Goethemuseum)
One of the biggest and most important German writers, philosophers and polymaths is definitely Johann Wolfgang von Goethe. He was born on the 28th of August 1749 in Frankfurt. The city is still very proud of this important philologist and nowadays there is Goetheplatz (Goethe-square), Goethestraße (Goethe-street) and Goetheturm (Goethe-tower) in the city. The 3-floors house where he was born is now a museum where visitors can admire not only the original furniture, but also letters written by and to Goethe. For more details click on www.goethehaus-frankfurt.de.
Museum of natural history Senckenberg (Naturmuseum Senckenberg)
The Senckenberg museum in Frankfurt with an area of 6,000 m2 is the second largest natural history museum in Germany. It is very popular for the extensive collection of dinosaur skeletons. The museum also offers its visitors the exhibits of the evolution of organisms, the change of Earth over millions of years, and the recent biodiversity of life. Many expositions are very rare and even unique. To explore all the exhibitions go to www.senckenberg.de.
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